There are many species of black widow spider but three popular ones – the Northern, Western, and Southern species, each of which inhabit some parts of Mexico and Northern America. They all have quite the same characteristics. But not until recently, they were classified under one group. The experts have been able to establish through a recent research that the three black widow spider species live in different regions and in so doing, adapt to their respective environment in various manners. We will tell you about Black Widow Spider Locations.
The Northern black widow spider is located mainly in the north-east regions of the USA and the southeast areas of Canada. However, the northern black widow spider has a wider range than the western black widow spider to a great extent.
The Western black widow spider live in regions of Mexico, Canada, and the western part of USA. However, in Canada, these western black widow spiders are often mistaken for the southern black widow spiders.
On the other hand, the Southern black widow spider inhabits in many states of southeast America – from New York down to Florida. Towards the west, they can be found in Arizona and Texas – the regions which are known for the high influx of the black widow spider.
The black widow spider often raven on a host of insects, but sometimes they ingest arachnids such as woodlice. Patiently, the black widow spider awaits prey to get trapped in its cobweb, and quickly before they escape, it hastily gets them wrapped and bites them. Since it takes the venom about 10 minutes to have an impact, the prey is hung tightly onto by the predator. At the moment when the victim stops to move, the black widow spider unleashes some digestive enzymes onto the bite wound before dragging the prey back to its abode for feeding.
The dangerous venom of the black widow spider can’t be compared to its small size. It has been investigated that its venom is more deadly than a cobra’s venom. However, it’s exceedingly rare for the spider to inject an adult human with a dangerous dose of poison. The general result of a typical bite has is often massive swelling of the bite region and muscle aches, breathing difficulty, and nausea.
Nevertheless, the venom of a black widow spider kills. Of all species of spider, black widow spider kills human the most, mostly due to the wide geographical range of its habitat. The number of death cases has, however, fallen drastically since the invention of antivenin and better practical household plumbing.
The arachnids are well known for the unique appearance of its females and their love for killing and eating males after mating.To contents ↑
Black Widow Spider Location in Canada
As stated by the Nature Conservancy of Canada, only two of the five different species of black widow spider in North America can be found in Canada. One is the western black widow found in the regions of Manitoba and BC. The other, northern black, can be found in eastern and southern parts of Ontario.
Black widow spider has the scientific name of Latrodectus mactans and has an average weight of 1g. The males and females have an average weight of 3-4 mm and 8-10 mm respectively. Likewise, their average lifespan is 1-2 months and up to 3 years ditto.
The typical black widow spider locations are the warm and dry parts of the Canada. Regions like this favor their web spinning activity and they are often found in dark and sheltered areas which are close to the ground. Their web structure is quite unusual. It defends them against predators, doubles as their home, traps prey, and serve as a medium of communication between females and males before mating.
The predator gets entangled in the trap, likewise the prey. At these times, the spider embalms the unfortunate victim with more silk before paralyzing it with venom. To devour its prey, it hauls the lifeless body of the victim to its abode. The spider spreads digestive enzymes on the victim so that digestion occurs before consumption.
During the season of mating, the male black widow spider locates a female (the mating partner) with all the energy gotten immediately after feeding. Upon finding a female, the male alerts her of his intentions and presence by vibrating her web threads. He does this also to ensure that she is actually a female of like species.
A female spider lays eggs between the range of 50 and 100. The eggs are laid onto a little net, and she covers them. For close to 30 days, she guards the egg sac.
A black widow spider generally appears with an all-black body, a red hourglass signature which can be boldly seen across its abdomen, and spindly legs that are eight in number. However, the ladies only have such description.
The males have an entirely different appearance. They have a size that is half that of a female, can either have a color that is gray or brown. They also spot markings which include red spots and white stripes. The juvenile, on the other hand, has a mixture of colors which include orange, white, and brown.
Black widow spider location in Canada is the southern-most parts which include five states: from Ontario to BC to continental U.S, but, they are widely found in Ontario.
Given its requirement for a climate that is warmer, the distribution of the black widow is unsurprising since Ontario is found farther south unlike any other Canadian district.
Nevertheless, be rest assured; they probability of finding one in your abode is extremely slim. Black widow spider locations include dark and sheltered areas close to the earth like rock piles, trash, and wood, even below a building. It’s here that they construct their web to protect them from predator and trap their insect prey.
Some Fast Fact:
Black Widow Spider Locations in the USA
In the United States, black widow spiders are located in many parts, most especially in the South. Though they are commonly found outside in dark and damp places, they can likewise be found in places such as garages, closets, and sheds.
The female, though deadly, will only retaliate when bothered; they lay eggs which are small, oval, and tan in color. Also, they have a paper-like texture, and they are often seen hanging onto the cobweb aggressively being guarded by the lady.To contents ↑
Northern Black Widow
Just as the name implies, the northern black spider is primarily located in the North-Eastern region of the United States. They spread farther west to Texas, farther north to Canada, and farther south to Florida.
These species of black widow spider are sometimes moved along with household goods to provinces beyond their natural habitats. They are mainly located in land-habitats which have stumps, debris piles, hollow logs, and sparse vegetation. Although it’s unlikely you find them indoor, they may sometimes enter human abodes through items or firewood piles brought indoor. The adult females have bright black color, with a red hourglass shape on its abdomen.To contents ↑
Southern Black Widow
Due to the conducive weather to their development, several species of the black widow can be located in the American South. A widely known species in the region is the southern black widow spider – Latrodectus mactans.
The females are known to spin non-symmetrical and irregular cobwebs. They are unlikely to be located indoors, but you can find them in basements or garages close to outdoors openings like around garage doors.
Similar to the northern black widow, these female species of black widow feature shiny jet-black color. As a means of identification, they spot hourglass-shaped markings which are red in color on their abdomen.To contents ↑
Black Widow Spiders Location in Mexico
Just like the black widow spiders located in Canada and the U.S.A., those in Mexico have a big belly which is round. The females have a diameter in the range of one to two. Another primary means of identification of the female from the male is the hourglass-like shape on her abdomen. However, you won’t want to handle the spider with the excuse of trying to identify them correctly.
Only female bites and the pain is mostly painful after 8 to 12 hours. The venom from black widow spider cause extreme muscle spasms in different regions of an adult body, and in the case of small children, it can be very deadly.
To prevent stories that touch the heart, follow the preventive tips outlined below.
Some Black Widow Prevention and First Aid Tips
Black Widow Spider Location in Hawaii
The species of the female black widow in Hawaii have an hourglass shape that is red in color on the abdomen. The shape is easily seen at night when she hangs on its web while turning upside down. During the daytime, they go into hiding. The pale spots and stripes of the female juveniles are an easy means of identifying them. However, as they age, the stripes gradually disappears. The black widows are relatively shy, and it’s very unlikely they bite you when you put your hands in places you can’t see.
In Hawaii, black widows are scarce. The western black widows are found in arid areas while the southern black widows are associated with higher elevation. They are sometimes located in tiny voids, crawl spaces, under rocks, and inside utility ducts.
The effect of the black widow venom is accurately documented. The males are refuted not to bite since they have very small mouthparts (chelicerae). Every encounter ever recorded between animals and man have been linked to the female. The bite of the female western black widow can be likened to a needle prick. It fangs leaves behind two puncture markings which are reddish in color. After the bite comes to a sharp pain which persists for some hours; and the pain can be lessened, nevertheless! The severe pain migrates from the wounded spot to the legs and abdomen. Other neurological symptoms ensue, and they include vomiting, faintness, nausea, tremor, shock, paralysis of the general motor, dizziness, speech disturbance and muscle tone loss. Any person bitten by this creature should, without hesitation, seek medical attention. Lyovac, also known as antivenin, is readily available. Death occurrence from black widow bite is very rare, and the symptoms only persist for about two days in untreated patients. The deaths recorded in adults were mostly because of complication and or other infections occurring at the wounded spot.